铁路轨道施工类专业术语的英语翻译

2020年6月8日14:42:05 评论 85 29935字阅读99分47秒

铁路轨道施工类专业术语的英语翻译

落石冲击力 impact force of falling stone

隧道埋置深度;埋深 buried depth of tunnel

地温梯度 geothermal dradient

地应力 crustal stress

预留变形量 deformation allowance

暗挖法 subsurface excavation method

明挖法 open-cut method

矿山法 mining method; mine tunneling method

工程发包 contracting out of project

工程承包 contracting of project

工程监理 supervision of construction; supervision of project

总预算 total budget

单项预算 individual budget

建筑业总产值 total output of building industry

指导性施工组织设计 design for guiding construction organization; guiding design for construction scheme

实施性施工组织设计 design for practical construction organization; practical design ofr construction scheme; operative construction organization design

临时工程 temporary project

大型临时工程 large-scale temporary project

小型临时工程 small-scale temporary project

过渡工程 transition project

控制工程 dominant project

关键工程 key project

辅助设施 auxiliary facilities

通车期限 time limit for opening to traffic

施工总工期 total time of construction; total construction time

施工组织方案 construction scheme

开工报告 report on starting of construction work; commencement report of construction work; construction starting report

竣工报告 completion repport of construction work

施工计划管理 planned manangement of construction

网络计划技术 network planning technique

施工工艺流程 construction technology process; construction process

工法制度 construction method system

施工产值 construction output value

施工利润 construction profit

施工机械利用率 utilization ratio of construction machinery

施工机械完好率 ratio of construction machinery in good condition

施工形象进度 construction figuue progress; figurative progress of construction work

挖掘机 excavating machine; excavator

单斗挖土机 power shovel

索铲挖土机 dragline

反铲挖土机 backhoe

蛤壳式抓斗 clamshell bucket

推土机 bulldozer

铲运机 scoper; scraper; carrying scraper

装载机 loader

带式输送机 belt conveyer

平地机 grader

振动碾压机 vibration compactor vibration roller

压路机 roller

潜孔钻机 diving drill

保险带 safety belt

安全梯 emergency staircase; fire escape

防护栏杆 protecction railing

安全用电 safety in utilizing electric energy

安全电压 safety voltage

消防设施 fire-fighting equipment

防火门 fire protection gate

消防器材 fire-fighting apparatus and materials

隔火带 fire protection strip

防火净距 fire protection distance

瓦斯治理 gas control

安全炸药 safety explosion; explosive charge; safety explosive

湿式凿岩 wet boring for rock; wet drilling for rock

防尘 dust prevention; dust control

防滑鞋 antiskid shoe

绝缘鞋 insulant shoe

防坠器 falling protector

阻车器 stop device

安全装置 safety device; safety equipment

救生设施 lifesaving appliance

防雷装置 lighting protection device

保护地线 protective earth wire

保护接地 protective grounding

触电保安器 electric shock protector

防爆设施 blasting protection facilities

质量管理 quality management

质量保证 quality assurance

质量控制 quality control

质量体系 quality system

质量监督 quality surperintendence; quality surveillance

工程质量检验 inspection of engineering quality

隐蔽工程检查 hidden project inspection

取样试验检查 sampling inspection

自测 visual measurement; visual observation

丈量 measure

仪器检查 inspect by instrument

全验 overall acceptance

抽验 selective acceptance

工程质量评定 evaluation of engineering quality

工程质量验收 acceptance of engineerying quality

随工验收 acceptance following construction; follow-up acceptance

中间验收 intermediate acceptance

缺陷工程 defect project; drawback project

合格工程 qualified project

样板工程 sample project

优质工程;优良工程 high grade project; high quality project

施工验收 delivery-receiving acceptance

工务段 track division; track district; track maintenance division

养路领工区 track subdivision; track maintenance subdivision

养路工区 track maintenance section; permanent way gang

养路领工员 track master; track supervisor

养路工长 track foreman

养路工 trackman; machine operator; track machanics

巡道工 track walker; track patrolling man

道口看守工 grade crossing watchman; level crossing watchman

桥隧巡守工 bridge and tunnel watchman; bridge and tunnel patrolling man

轨道;线路上部建筑 track

轨道类型 classification of track; track standard

轨道结构 track structure

有碴轨道 ballasted track

无碴轨道 ballastless track

线路 track; permanent way

有缝线路 jointed track

无缝线路 continuously welded rail track; jointless track

长轨线路 long welded rail track

轨排 track panel; track skeleton

轨节 rail link

长轨条 long rail string

轨道几何形位 track geometry

轨距加宽 gauge widening

螺旋曲线 spiral curve clothold curve

三次抛物线曲线 cubic parabola curve

曲线超高 superelevation cant; elevation of curve

欠超高 deficient superlevation

过超高 surplus superelevation; excess elevation

反超高 reverse superelevation; counter superelevation; negative superelevation

未本平衡离心加速度 unbalaned cenrifugal acceleraion

曲线正矢 curve versine

轨道力学 track mechanics

轨道动力学 track dynamics

轨道强度计算 track strength analysis

轨道几何状态恶化 track deterioration

轨道失效 track failure

轨道框架刚度 rigidity of track panel

道床系数 ballast coefficient; ballast modulus

钢轨基础模量 rail supporting modulus ;track moulus

钢轨支点弹性模量 modulus of elasticity of rail support

轨道应力 track stresses

轨道稳定性 stability of track

接头阻力 joint resistance

道床阻力 ballast resistance

扣件扣压力 toe load of fastening

轮/轨接触应力 rail/wheel contact stress

钢轨 rail

轨头 rail head

轨腰 rail web

轨底 rail base; rail bottom

淬火轨 head hardened rail ; quenched rail

合金轨 alloy steel rail

合金淬火轨 head hardened alloy steel rail ;quenched alloy

耐磨轨 wear resistant rail

耐腐蚀轨 corrosion resistant rail

标准长度钢轨 standard length rail

短轨 short rail

缩短轨 standardshortened rail ; fabricated short rail used on curves;sandard curtailed rail

异形轨 compromise rail

护轨 guard rail; check rail

轨底坡 rail cant

钢轨工作边 gage line

轨缝;接头缝 rail gap;joint gap

构造轨缝 structural joint gap ;maximum joint gap structurally obtainable

钢轨接头 rail joint

相对接头 opposite joint ;square joint

相错式接头;相互式接头 alternate joint ; staggered joint ; broken joint

垫接接头;承接接头 supported joint

悬接接头 suspended joint

绝缘接头 insulated joint

胶结绝缘接头 glued insulated joint

焊接接头 welded joint

冻结接头 frozen joint

异形接头 compromise joint

钢轨伸缩调节器;温度调节器 expansion rail joint; rail expansion device; swith expansion joint

接头联结零件 rail joint accessories ; rail joint fastenings

接头夹板;鱼尾板 joint bar ; splice bar ;fish plate

平型双头夹板 flat joint bar

轨头地面接触夹板;锲型接头夹板 head contact flat joint bar

轨腹上圆弧接触夹板;铰型接头夹板 head free flat joint bar

带裙鱼尾板 aproned fish plate; fish plate with apron

异型接头夹板 compromise joint bar

接头螺栓;鱼尾螺栓 track blolt ;fish bolt

钩螺栓 claw bolt ;hook bolt ;anchor bolt

扣件; 中间联结零件 rail fastening

分开式扣件 separated rail fastening ; indirect holding fastening

不分开式扣件 nonseparated rail fastening ; direct holding fastening

半分开式扣件 semi-separaed rail fastening ; mixed holding fastening

弹性扣件 elasic rail fastening

道钉;狗头钉;钩头钉 track spike ;rail spike ;dog spike

弹簧道钉 elastic rail spike

螺纹道钉 screw spike

螺栓螺纹钉 bolt-screw spike

硫磺锚固 sulphur cement mortar anchor ;sulphur cement mortar anchorage

垫板 tie plate

橡胶垫板;弹性垫板 rubber tie plate

衬垫 pad

冻害垫板 frost heave board;track shim for frost heaving roadbed ;frost shim

弹簧垫圈 spring washer

防爬器 anti-creeper; rail anchor

穿销防爬器 wedged rail anchor

弹簧防爬器 spring rail anchor

防爬支撑 anti-creep strut

轨撑 rail brace

轨距杆 gage tie bar; gage rod ; gage tie

绝缘轨距杆 insulated gage rod

轨下基础 sub-rail foundation ;sub-rail track bed

轨枕 tie; cross tie ; sleeper

宽混凝土轨枕;轨枕板 broad concrete tie

纵向轨枕 longitudinal tie

板式轨道 slab-track

木枕;枕木 wooden tie

油枕 treated wooden tie

素枕 untreated wooden tie

钢枕 steel tie

混凝土枕 concrete tie

岔枕 switch tie ;turnout tie

短枕 short tie ;block tie

枕盒 crib

道床 ballast bed

整体道床 solid bed; integrated ballast bed; monolithic concrete bed

沥青道床 asphalt cemented ballast bed

道碴层;道碴床 ballast layer

道碴 ballast

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铁路建设常用英语单词道碴级配 ballast grading

洛杉叽磨损实验 Los Angeles abrasion test

碎石道碴 stone ballast

矿碴道碴 slag ballast

卵石道碴 gravel ballast

砂道碴 sand ballast

底碴 subballast

道床厚度 thickness of ballast bed;depth of ballast

道床宽度 width of ballast bed

道床碴肩 shoulder of ballast bed

轮轨游间 clearance between wheel flange and gage line

曲线内接 inscribed to curves

自由内接 free inscribing

强制内接 compulsory inscribing

楔形内接 wedging inscribing

静力内接 static inscribing

动力内接 dynamic inscribing

轨道不平顺 track irregularity

静态不平顺 static track irregularity;irregularity without load

动态不平顺 dynamic track irregularity

轨道几何尺寸容许公差 track geometry tolerances

轨道变形 track deformation;track disorder;track distortion

轨道残余变形 track residual deformation;track permanent deformation

弹性挤开 gage elastically widened;elastic squeeze-out

轨道水平;左右水平 track cross level

轨道方向 track alignment

轨道前后高低;前后高低 longitudinal level of rail;track profile

三角坑;扭曲 twist warp

轨道明坑 visile pit of track;visible low spot of track;track depression

翻浆 冒泥 mud-pumping

钢轨低接头 depressed joint;battered foint of rail

接头瞎缝 closed joint;tight joint

大轨缝 excessive joint gap;wide joint gap

线路爬行 track creeping

轨头波纹磨损 corrugation of rail head;rail corrugation

轨头短波浪磨损 short wave undulation of rail head

轨头长波浪磨损 long wave undulation of rail head

轨头马鞍形磨损 rail end batter;saddle wear of rail end

轨头肥边 flow of rail head;lipping of rail head

错牙接头 rail ends unevenness in line or surface

钢轨伤损 rail defects and failures

钢轨擦伤 engine burn;wheel burn

钢轨锈蚀 rail corrosion

白点 flake crack;shatter crack;small nucleus fissure

核伤 nucleus flaw;oval flaw

轨头剥离 gage line shelly cracks

轨头掉块 spalling of rail head

轨头压溃 crushing of rail head

轨头垂直劈裂 vertical split of rail head

轨头微细波纹 detail fracture of rail head

轨端崩裂 rail end breakage

钢轨打标记 branding & stamping of rails

轨端削角;轨端倒棱 rail end chamfering

螺栓孔削角;螺栓孔倒棱 bolt hole chamfering

螺栓孔加强 bolt hole cold-working strenthening

轨头水平劈裂 horizontal split of rail head

轨腰劈裂 piped rail ;split of rail web

钢轨裂纹 rail cracks

轨头发裂 head checks ;hair crack of rail head

轨底崩裂 burst of rail base;burst of rail bottom ; broken rail base

钢轨折断 brittle fractures of rail ; sudden rupture of rail

钢轨落锤试验 drop test of rail

螺孔裂纹 bolt hole crack

线路大修 major repair of reack ; overhaul of track ;track renewal

线路中修 intermediate repair of track

线路维修 maintenance of track

找小坑 spot surfacing

全面起道捣固 out-of-face surfacing

起道 raising of track ;track lifting

落道 under cutting of track ; lowering of track

垫砂起道 measured shovel packing

改道 gage correction ;gaging of track

拨道 track lining

整正水平 adjusting of cross level

整正曲线 curve adjusting; curve lining

绳正法整正曲线 string lining of curve

绳度整正曲线计算器 string lining computer ;string-line calculator

调整轨缝;均匀轨缝 adjusting of rail gaps;evenly distributing joint gaps

整正规缝 dispersal of rail gaps;adjusting joint gaps up to standard

矫直钢轨 staightening of kinked rail

焊修钢轨;堆焊钢轨 resurfacing of rail

打磨钢轨 rail grinding

轨头整形 rail head reprofiling

轨头非对称断面打磨 asymmetrical rail head profile grinding

方正轨枕 tie respacing ;squaring of ties

削平木枕 tie adzing

修补木枕 tie repairing

木枕防腐 preservation of wooden tie

木枕预钻孔 preboring of wooden tie ; preboring of spike holes

木枕刻痕 incising of wooden tie

枕木塞 tie plug

木枕防裂装置 anti splitting device

捣固道床 ballast tamping

夯实道床 ballast ramming ;ballast consolidating

清筛道床 ballast cleaning

整理道床 ballast trimming

锁定轨温 fastening-down temperature of rail

零应力轨温 strss free rail temperature

中和轨温 neutral temperature

放散温度力 destressing ; stress liberation

温度力 temperature stress

温度力峰 temperature stress peak

轨道鼓出临界温度 critical temperature of track buckling

伸缩区;呼吸区 breathing zone

缓冲区 buffer zone; transition zone

固定区 nonbreathing zone ;fixd zone ; deformation -free zone

调节轨 buffer rail

气压焊 oxyacetylene pressure welding

电阻焊 flash butt welding

铝热焊 thrmlt welding

周转轨 inventory stock

备用轨 stock rails per kilometer of track; emergency rail stored along the way

再用轨 second hand rail ;relaying rail

顺坡 run-off elevation

作业标志 working signal

停车牌 red board; stop indicator

慢行牌 yellow board ;speed indicator

线路标志 road way signs ; permanent

公里标 kilometer post

曲线标 curve post

坡度标 grade post

桥梁标 bridge post

隧道标 tunnel post

管界标 section sign

钢轨位移观测桩 rail creep indication posts

鸣笛标 whistle board

线路中断 line interruption

施工封闭线路 line occupation for works

封闭线路作业时间;开天窗作业时间 works occupation time ; working time of closed sectin

列车空隙作业时间 working time between trains

养路表报 maintenance -of-way report and forms; track work forms

工务设备台帐 technical record of track ; bridge and other equipments

养路管理电脑系统 computer aided track maintenance and management system

线路平剖面图 track charts

养路费用 maintenance of way expenditures

线路维修规则 rules of maintenance of way

轨道养护标准 standards of track main tenance

换算线路长度 equibalent track kilometerage

轨检车评分 track evaluatin by recording car; evaluation by track inspection car

轨道质量指数 track quality index

平面交叉 level crossing

立体交叉 grade separation

道囗 grade crossing; level crossing

道囗铺面 grade crossing pavement ;surface of grade crossing

道囗平台 level stretch of grade crossing

道囗警标 warning sign at grade crossing

道囗栏木 cross barrier at grade crossing

道囗栅栏 side barrier at grade crossing

道囗护桩 protective stake atgrade crossing

限界架 clearance limit frame

道岔 turnout ;switches and crossings

单开道岔 simple turnout ;; lateral turnout

单式对称道岔;双开道岔 symmetrical double curve turnout ;equilateral turnout

单式不对称道岔;不对称双开道岔 unsymmetrical double curve turnout ;unequilateral turnout

单式同侧道岔 unsymmetrical double curve turnout in the same direction

三开道岔 stmmetrical three throw turnout ;three-way turnout

不对称三开道岔 unsymmetrical three-way turnout ; unsymmetrical three throw tunout

左开道岔 left hand turnout

右开道岔 right hand turnout

交叉 crossing

菱形交叉 diamond crossing

直角交叉 rectangular crossing ; square crossing

交分道岔 slip switch

单式交分道岔 single slip switches

复式交分道岔 double slip switches

渡线 crossover

交叉渡线 scissors crossing ;double crossover

平行渡线 parallel crossover

梯线 ladder track

套线道岔 mixed gage turnout

道岔主线 main line of turnout ; main track of turnout ;turnout main

道岔侧线 branch line of turnout ;branch track of turnout turnout branch

导曲线 lead curve

导曲线半径 radius of lead curve

导曲线支距 offset of lead curve

道岔中心 center of turnout

辙叉 frog;crossing

辙叉角 frog angle

辙叉号数 frog number

道岔号数 turnout number

道岔始端 beginning of turnout

道岔终端 end of turnout

尖轨 switch rail tongue rail; blade

直线尖轨 straight seitch

曲线尖轨 curved switch

尖轨理论尖端 theoretical point of switch rail

尖轨尖端 actual point of switch rail

尖轨跟端 heel of swith rail

曲线出岔道岔 turnout from curved track

辙叉心轨理论尖端 theoretical point of frog

辙 叉心轨尖端 actual point of frog

辙叉趾端 toe end of frog ;frog toe

辙叉跟端 heel end of frog; frog heel

道岔基线 reference line of turnout

道岔全长 total length of turnout

道岔理论长度 theoretical length of turnout

道岔实际长度 actual length of turnout

道岔理论导程 theoretical lead of turnout

道岔前部理论长度 front part theoretical legth of turnout

道岔后部理论长度 rear part theoretical length of turnout

道岔后部实际长度 rear part actual length of turnout

尖轨长度 length of switch rail

辙叉趾长 toe length of frog

辙叉跟长 heel length of frog

辙叉趾宽 toe spread of frog

辙叉跟宽 heel s[read of frog

尖轨动程 throw of switch

护轨与心轨的查照间隔 check gage

护背距离 guard rail face gage;back gage

辙叉有害空间 gap in the frog ;open throat; unguarded flange-way

转辙角 switch angle

辙叉咽喉 throat of frog

轮缘槽 flange-way; flange clearance

转辙器 switch

可弯式尖轨转辙器 flexible switch

间隔铁式尖轨转辙器 loose heel switch

高锰钢整铸辙叉 solid manganese steel frog; cast manganese steel frog

钢轨组合辙叉 bolred rigid frog; assembled frog

可动心轨辙叉 movable-point frog

可动翼轨辙叉 movable-wing frog

钝角辙叉 obtuse frog

锐角辙叉 end frog; acute frog

曲线辙叉 curved frog

基本轨 stock rail

密贴尖轨 closed switch rail; close contact between switch point and stock rail

淬火尖轨 surface-hardened switch rail; quenched switch rail

特种断面尖轨 special heavy section switch rail; tongue rail made of special section rail; full-wed section switch rail

翼轨 wing rail

心轨 point rail; nose rail

道岔护轨 turnout guard rail

尖轨护轨 switch point guard rail

尖轨保护器 switch protector

道岔拉杆 switch rod; stretcher bar

道岔连接杆 connecting bar; following stretcher bar

间隔铁 filler; spacer block

尖轨补强板 reinforcing bar

滑床板 slide plate; switch plate

线路机械 permanent way machine

线路机具 permanent way tool

路基机械 subgrade machine; machine for roadway work

轨道机械 track machine

道碴机械 ballast machine

捣固机械 tamping machine

夯实机械 ballast consolidating machine

道碴清筛机械 ballast cleaning machine

轨行式装运机械 rail-mounted handling and transportation machine

轨道检测设备 track geometry measuring device

安全防护设备 safety protection equipment

线路清理机械 permanent way clearing machine

公铁两用线路机械 rail/road permanent way machine

大型线路机械;重型线路机械 heavy permanent way machine; large permanent way machine

小型线路机械;轻型线路机械 light permanent way machine ;small permanent way machine

拨道机 track lining machine

拨道器 track lining tool

起道机 track lifting

起道器 rail jack; track jack

起拔道机 track lifting and lining machine

起拔道器 track lifting and lining tool

钢轨钻孔机 rail drilling machine

钢轨钻孔器 rail drilling tool

磨轨机 rail grinding machine

磨轨车 rail grinding car

磨轨列车 rail grinding train

锯轨机 rail cutting machine ;rail sawing machine

轨缝调整器 rail gap adjuster ; rail puller

钢轨拉伸器 rail tensor

直轨器 rail straightening tool ;rail straightener

平轨器 rail bending tool ; rail bender

钢轨刨边机 rail-head edges planing machine

钢轨推凸机 rail weld seam shearing machine

钢轨推凸器 rail shearing device

机动螺钉;螺栓板手 rail screw-bolt power wrench

地面钢轨凃油器 on-track rail lubricator

车载钢轨凃油器 on-board rail lubricator

焊轨机 rail welding machine

轨枕抽换机 tie replacing machine

木枕钻孔机 wooden tie drilling machine

打道钉机 spike driver

起道钉机 spike puller

混凝土枕螺栓钻取机 concrete tie dowel drilling and pulling machine

方枕器 tie respacer

木枕削平机 wooden sleeper adzing machine

手提电动捣固机;电镐 portable electric tamper; hand electric tamper

手提风动捣固机 porable pneumatic tamper

手提内然捣固机 portable gasoline-powered tamper

小型液压捣固机 light hydraulic tamping machine

液压捣固机;液压捣固车 hydraulic tamping machine

配碴整形机 ballast distributing and regulating machine

道碴犁 ballast plow

扒碴机 crib ballast removers

收碴机 ballast recoliecting machine

枕间夯实机 crib consolidating machine

道床边坡夯实机 ballast shouder consolidating machine

全断面道床夯实机 full section ballast consolidating machine

道床底碴夯实机 subballast consolidating machine

动力稳定机 dynamic track stabilizer

边坡清筛机 ballast shouder cleaning machine

大型全断面清筛机 large ballast undercutting cleaners; on-track full section undercutting cleaners

中型清筛机 medium ballast undercutting cleaners

大揭盖清筛机 ballast cleaning machine eith removed track panels

小型枕底清筛机 small ballast undercutting cleaners

轻型轨道车 light rail motor car ; light motor trolley

重型轨道车 heavy rail motor car; heavy motor trolley

发电轨道车 power generating rail car

发电走行两用车 self-propelled power generating car

轨道平车 rail flat car

长钢轨运输作业列车 long welded rail transporting and working train

铺轨机 track laying machine

轨行式起重机 crane on-track ; rail-mounted crane

悬臂式铺轨排机 track panel laying machine with cantilever

悬臂式铺轨机 rail laying machine with cantilever

门式铺轨排机 track panel lating gantry crane

铺轨列车 track laying train

工程宿营车 work train with camp cars

轨道检查车 track recording car ; track inspection car

轨道检查小车 track geometry measuring trolley

桥梁试验车 bridge test car

钢轨探伤车 rail flaw detection car

钢轨探伤仪 rail flaw detector

钢轨磨损检查车 rail profile measuring car

钢轨磨损检查仪 rail profile gauge

列车速度检查仪 train speed monitoring device

列车接近报警器 train approach wairning device

限界检测车 clearance car ; clearance inspection car

塌方落石报警器 land slide warning device

除雪机 snow removing machine; snow remover

道岔熔冰器 sewitch heater

除砂机 sand removing machine

开沟机 ditcher

开沟平路机 track shaving machine ; ditching and grading machine

灌木切割机 brush cutting machine ; brush cutter

除草机 weeding cutting machine ; weed cutter

喷洒除草机 weed killing machine weed killer

万能道尺 universal rail gage

道钉锤 spike hammer

撬棍 lining bar ; claw bar

轨道水平尺 track level

螺栓扳手 track wrenches

单轨小车 hand cart

地表排水 surface drainage

地下排水 subsurface drainage

过滤层 filter

路基松软 soft spots of road bed

滑坡 landslip; landslide

坍方 slide ; slip

蠕变 creep; crawl

崩塌 collapse; toppling

冲刷 erosion ; scouring

落石 rock fall

泥石流 warth flow; debris flow ; mud and rock flow

冻害 frost heaving

雪崩 snow slip ; snow slide; snow avalanche

道碴槽 ballast tub

道碴箱 ballast box

道碴袋 ballast pocket

道碴巢 ballast nest

路基下沉 subgrade settlement

煤矿沉陷 mining subsidence

路基挤起 subgrade bulge ; subgrade squeeze-out

防洪 flood control

防砂 sand-drift control ; sand protection

防雪 snow-drift control; snow protection

雪害 snow blockade; snow drift

水害 flood damage; washout

砂害 sand blockade; sand drift

隧道冰害 frost damage in tunnel

防雪棚 snow fence ; snow guard

防雪障 snow protection bank

防雪树篱 snow protectin hedge

拉沟 slotting

刷坡 slope cutting

边坡植被防护 vegetation on slope

石笼 gabion

铺草皮 sodding

整治冻害轨道 treatment of frost heaving track

垫冻害垫板 track shimming

电化学加固土壤 electro-chemical tratment of soil

桥梁浅基 shallow foundation of bridge; unsafe dpth foundation of bridge

限界检查 checking of clearance; check measurement

河调一防护失修 disrepaire of flow regulating and shore protectin structure ; river bank protection out of repair

桥址水文观测 hydrologic observation of bridge site

桥梁检定试验 bridge rating test

容许强度检定 working stress rating

承载系数检定 load factor rating

自动力矩检定 autostress rating

桥梁检定承载系数 rated load-bearing coefficient for bridge; rated load-bearing coefficient for bridge as compared with standard live loading

特种车辆活载 special live load; lilve load of special type wagon

墩台基础挖验 excavating foundation for checking pupose foundation examination by excavation

墩台基础钻探 drilling foundation for checking purpose; foundation examination by drilling

圬工梁裂损 cracking of concrete and masonry beam

隧道漏水 tunnel leak

衬砌裂损 lining cracking

衬砌腐蚀

中间漆 intermediate coat

面漆 top coat

工地漆 field coat

工厂漆 shop coat

干捣水泥砂浆 dry tamped cement mortar

混凝土裂纹 concrete cracks

钢梁腐蚀裂纹 corrosion cracking of steel bridge

钢梁应力腐蚀裂纹 stress corrosion cracking of steel bridge

隧道防火措施 measures against tunnel fire

隧道通风 tunnel ventilation

隧道防排水 tunnel water handling

喷射混凝土修理 shotcrete repair

桥隧养护 maintenance of bridge and tunnel

桥隧经常保养 regular maintenance of bridge and tunnel

桥隧综合维修 comprehensive maintenance of bridge and tunnel structure

桥隧病害整治 damage repair for bridge and tunnel ; repair bridge and tunnel fault

桥涵扩孔 opening enlargement of bridge and culvert

桥梁浅基防护 unsafe depth foundation protection ; bridge shallow foundation protection

墩周冲淤 scouring and sepositing around pier

桥隧巡守 bridge and tunnel patrolling

限界改善 clearance improvement

墩台防撞 collision prevention around pier; pier protection against collision

钢梁加固 strengthening of steel bridge

临时便桥 shoofly

防洪预抢工程 precautinary work against flood

水害断道 railroad break down due to to flood ; line blockade due to flood

水害抢修 rush repair of flood damage to open for traffic

抛石防护 riparap protection

临险抢护 emergency rush engineering ; emergency repairs

水害复旧 restoration work for flood damage ; restoration of flood damaged structures

日降雨量 daily precipitatin

雨量计 rain gage

洪水标记 flood mark

河床冲刷 channel erosion

洪水淹没 flood inundation on tracks

防水林 forestation against flood

防撞破凌 breaking up ice run; breaking up ice floe prevent collision

房屋维修 regular maintenance of buildings and structures

房建大修 major repair of buildings and structures

房建检修 inspection and repair of buildings and structures

铁道牵引动力 railway traction power; railway motive power

核子密度湿度测定 determination of nuclear density-moisture

路基承载板测定 determination of bearing slab of subgrade

预留沉落量 reserve settlement; settlement allowance

反压护道 berm with superloading; berm for back pressure; counter swelling berm

石灰砂桩 lime sand pile

换土 change soil; soil replacement

爆破排淤 blasting discharging sedimentation; silt arresting by explosion; discharge of sedimentation by blasting

抛石挤淤 throwing stones to packing sedimentation; packing sedimentation by throwing stones; packing up sedimentation by dumping stones

路堑石方爆破 rock cutting blasting; rock blasting in cut

定向爆破 directional blasting

浅孔爆破 shallow hole blasting

深孔爆破 deep hole blasting

洞室药包爆破 chamber explosive package blasting; chamher blasting

扬弃爆破 abandoned blasting; abandonment blasting

抛掷爆破 pin-point blasting

松动爆破 blasting for loosening rock

药壶爆破 pot hole blasting

裸露腰包爆破 adobe blasting; contact blasting

路堑边坡 cutting slope; side slope of cut

堑顶 top of cutting slope; top of cutting

路堑平台 platform of cutting; berm in cutting

弃土堆 waste bank; bankette; spoil bank

挡土墙 retaining wall  铁路施工常用英文词汇1

重力式挡土墙 gravity retaining wall

衡重式挡土墙 balance weight retaining wall; gravity retaining wall with relieving platform; balanced type retaining wall

锚定板挡土墙 anchored retaining wall by tie rods; anchored bulkhead retaining wall; anchored plate retaining wall

加筋土挡土墙 reinforced earth retaining wall; reinforced soil retaining wall

锚杆挡墙 anchored bolt retaining wall; anchoraged retaining wall by tie rods

管柱挡墙 cylindrical shaft retaining wall

沉井挡墙 caisson retaining wall

抗滑桩 anti-slide pile; counter-sliding pile

护墙 guard wall  tielu 铁路施工

护坡 slope protection; revertment; pitching

排水沟 weep drain; drainage ditch; drain ditch

边沟;侧沟 side ditch

天沟 gutter; overhead ditch; intercepting ditch

吊沟 suspended ditch

跌水 hydraulic drop

截水沟 intercepting ditch; catch-drain

急流槽 chute

排水槽 drainage channel

渗水暗沟 blind drain

渗水隧洞 leak tunnel; permeable tunnel; drainage tunnel

渗井 leaching well; seepage well

渗管 leaky pipe

平孔排水 horizontal hole drainage

反滤层 reverse filtration layer; inverted filter; protective filter

检查井 inspection well; manhole

砂井;排水砂井 sand drain

隔断层 insulating course; insulating layer

透水路堤 pervious embankment; permeable embankment

渗水路堤 immerseable embankment

排水砂垫层 sand filled drainage layer; drainage sand blanker

坡面防护 slope protection

护岸 revetment; shore protection

导流堤 diversion dike

拦石墙 stone cut off wall; stone falling wall; buttree

落石槽 stone falling channel; trough for catching falling rocks

柴排 firewood raft; mattress; willow fascine

固沙造林 stabilization for sands by afforestation

挡风墙 wind-break wall

防风栅栏 wind break fence

砂土液化 sand liquefaction

中-活载 CR-live loading; China railway standard loading

桥梁标准活载 standard live load for bridge

桥梁荷载谱 bridge load spectrum

换算均布活载 equivalent uniform live load

设计荷载 design load

主力 principal load

恒载 dead load

土压力 earth load

静水压力 hydrostatic pressure

浮力 buoyancy

列车活载 live load of train

列车离心力 centrifugal force of train

列车冲击力;冲击荷载 impact force of train

冲击系数 ceofficient of impact

人行道荷载 sidewalk loading

附加力 subsidiary load; secondary load

列车制动力 braking force of train

列车牵引力 tractive force of train

风荷载 wind load

列车横向摇摆力 lateral swaying force of train

流水压力 pressure of water flow

冰压力 ice pressure

冻胀力 frost heaving force

特殊荷载 particular load

船只或排筏的撞击力 collision force of ship or raft

地震力 seismic force

地震烈度 earthquake intensity

地震震级 earthquake magnitude

施工荷载 constructional loading

荷载组合 loading conbination

铁路桥 railway bridge

公铁两用桥 combined bridge; combined highway and railway bridge; combined rail-cum-road bridge

跨线桥;立交桥 overpass bridge; grade separation bridge; flyover

高架桥 viaduct

旱桥 dry bridge

人行桥 foot bridge; pedestrian bridge

圬工桥 masonry bridge

钢桥 steel bridge

铆接钢桥 riveted steel bridge

栓焊钢桥 bolted and welded steel bridge

全焊钢桥 all welded steel bridge

摩擦结合式高强度螺栓 high strength friction grip bolt

扭剪式高强度螺栓 torshear type high strength blot

螺栓示功扳手 bolt wrench with indicator

混凝土桥 concrete bridge

钢筋混凝土桥 reinforced concrete bridge

预应力混凝土桥 prestressed concrete bridge

先张法预应力梁 pretensioned prestressed concrete girder

后张法预应力梁 post-tensioned prestressed concrete girder

部分预应力混凝土桥 partially prestressed concrete bridge

结合梁桥 composite beam bridge

低高度梁 shallow girder

无碴无枕梁 girder without ballast and sleeper

型钢混凝土梁;劲性骨架混凝土梁 girder with rolled steel section encased in concrete; skeleton reinforced concrete girder

简支梁桥 simply supported beam bridge

连续梁桥 continuous beam bridge

悬臂梁桥 cantilever beam bridge

板桥 slab bridge

空心板桥 hollow slab bridge

板梁 plate girder

工形梁 I-beam

箱形梁 box girder

槽形梁 trough girder

桁架 truss

拆装式桁架 demountable truss

刚架桥;刚构桥 rigid frame bridge

斜腿刚架桥;斜腿刚构桥 strutted beam bridge; slant-legged rigid frame bridge

悬板桥;悬带桥 stressed ribbon bridge

悬索桥;吊桥 suspension bridge

斜拉桥 cable-stayed bridge

浮桥 pontoon bridge; floating bridge; bateau bridge

拱桥 arch bridge

固端拱;无铰拱 fixed-end arch

双铰拱 two-hinged arch

三铰拱 three-hinged arch

实腹拱 spandrel-filled arch; solid-spandrel arch

空腹拱 open-spandrel arch

双曲拱 two-way curved arch; cross-curved arch

系杆拱;柔性系杆刚性拱 tied arch

榔格尔式桥;刚性系杆柔性拱桥 Langer bridge; flexible arch bridge with rigid tie

洛泽式桥;直悬杆式刚性拱刚性梁桥 Lohse bridge; rigid arch bridge with rigid tie and vertical sespenders

尼尔森桥 Nielsen systen bridge

尼尔森式骆泽梁桥;斜悬杆式刚性拱梁桥 Nielsen type Lhse bridge; rigid arch bridge with fighd tie and inclined suspenders

活动桥 movable bridge

竖旋桥 bascule bridge

平旋桥 swing bridge

升降桥 lift bridge

正交桥 right bridge

斜交桥 skew bridge

曲线桥 curved bridge

曲梁 curved beam

特大桥 super maior bridge

就地贯注法 cast-in-place method; cast-in-situ method

活动吊篮 travelling cradle

顶进法 jack-in method

旋转法施工;转体施工 erection by swing method

液压式张拉千斤顶 hydraulic tensioning jack

桥梁下部结构 substructure

桥台 abutment

重力式桥台 gravity abutment

埋置式桥台 buried abutment

锚定板式桥台 anchor slab abutment

U形桥台 U-shaped abutment

耳墙式桥台 abutment with cantilevered retaining wall

台身 abutment body

前墙 front wall

台帽 abutment coping

翼墙 wing wall

锥体护坡 quadrant revetment; truncated cone banking

台后填方 filling behind abutment

桥墩 pier

空心桥墩 hollow pier

实体桥墩 solid pier

重力式桥墩 gravity pier

柔性桥墩 flexible pier

拼装式桥墩 assembly pier; pier constructed with precast units

制动墩 braking pier

柱式桥墩 column pier

V形桥墩 V-shaped pier

圆端形桥墩 round-ended pier

圆形桥墩 circular pier

矩形桥墩 rectangular pier

排架式桥墩 pile bent pier

墩身 pier body; pier shaft

墩帽 pier coping

围栏 railing around coping of pier or abutment

承台 bearing platform

破冰体 ice apron; ice-breaking cutwater; ice guard

地基 foundation; foundation soil; subgrade

加固地基 improved foundation; improved ground

天然地基 natural foundation; natural ground

桥梁基础 bridge foundation

扩大基础 spread foundation

明挖基础 open-cut foundation; open excavation foundation

沉井基础 open caisson foundation

浮式沉井基础 floating caisson foundation

沉井刃脚 cutting edge of open caisson

围堰 cofferdam

双壁钢围堰钻孔基础 double wall steel cofferdam bored foundation

预制钢壳钻孔基础 prefabricated steel shell bored foundation

泥浆套沉井法 slurry jacket method for sinking caisson

空气幕沉井法 air curtain method for sinking caisson

沉箱基础 pneumatic caisson foundation

管柱基础 tubular column foundation

桩基础 pile foundation

预制桩 precast pile

就地灌注桩 cast-in-place concrete pile; cast-in-situ concrete pile

螺旋喷射桩 auger injected pile

摩擦桩 friction pile

支承桩 bearing pile

钻孔桩 bored pile

挖孔桩 dug pile

钢桩 steel pile

钢管桩 steel pipe pile

钢板桩 steel sheet pile

板桩 sheet pile

木桩 timber pile

钢筋混凝土桩 reinforced concrete pile

砂桩 sand pile

挤密砂桩 sand conpaction pile

流砂 quick sand; drift sand

送桩 pile follower

试桩 test pile

斜桩 batter pile; raking pile; spur pile

护筒 pile casting

重锤夯实法 heavy tamping method

灰土换填夯实法 mothod of lime-soil replacement and tamping

灌注水下混凝土 underwater concreting; concreting with tremie method

导流建筑物 regulating structure

丁坝;挑水坝 spur dike

顺坝 longitudinal dam

河床铺砌 river bed paving

码头 wharf

排架 bent

脚手架 scaffold

悬空脚手架 hanging stage; hanging scaffold

铁路涵洞 railway culvert

涵洞孔径 aperture of culvert

管涵 pipe culvert

箱涵 box culvert

拱涵 arch culvert

盖板涵 slab culvert

无压力涵洞 inlet unsubmerged culvert

压力式涵洞 outlet submerged culvert

半压力式涵洞 inlet submerged culvert

明渠 open channel; open ditch; open drain

机车报废 locomotive retirement

机车储备 locomotive reservation; locomotive storage

机车整备 locomotive servicing; locomotive running preparation

机车整备能力 locomotive service capacity

机车技术规范 locomotive technical specification

转向架中心 bogie pivot center

转向架中心距离 distance between bogie pivot centers; bogie pivot pitch

机车全轴距 locomotive total wheel base

机车转向架轴距 locomotive wheel base of bogie

机车固定轴距 locomotive rigid wheel base

机车长度 locomotive overall length

机车宽度 locomotive width

机车高度 locomotive height

机车计算重量 calcuated weight of locomotive

机车整备重量 locomotive service weight

机车重量 locomotive weight

机车粘着重量 locomotive adhesive weight

轴重转移;轴荷载转移 axle load transfer

粘着重量利用系数 adhesive weight utility factor

机车重量分配 weight distribution of locomotive

轮对横动量 lateral play of wheel set

机车噪声 locomotive noise

热值;发热量 heat value

机车万吨公里能耗 energy consumption per 10;000 t-km of locomotive

机车用煤 coal for locomotive

机车用柴油 diesel oil for locomotive

机车用电 electricity for locomotive

机车用换算煤 converted coal for locomotive

标准煤 standard coal

机车用润滑剂 lubricant for locomotive

给水 water supply

水鹤 water crane

给水处理 water [supply] treatment

炉内软水 water softened in boiler

炉外软水 water softened out of boiler

软水 water softened

净水 water purified

机务段 locomotive depot

机车运用段 locomotive running depot

机车检修段 locomotive repair depot

机车折返段 locomotive turnaround depot

列车无线电调度系统 train radio dispatching system

机车监控记录装置 locomotive supervise and record apparatus

机车故障 locomotive failure

机车牵引特性 locomotive tractive characteristic

机车效率 total locomotive efficiency

机车轮周效率 efficiency of locomotive at wheel rim

机车传动功率 transmission efficiency of locomotive

机车牵引特性曲线 locomotive tractive characteristic curve

机车轮周功率曲线 locomotive power curve at wheel rim

机车牵引力曲线 locomotive tractive effort curve

机车预期牵引特性曲线 predetermined tractive characteristic curve of locomotive

机车功率 locomotive power

轮周功率 output power at wheel rim

比功率 power/weight ratio

比重量 weight/power ratio

单位体积功率 specific volume power

机车牵引力 locomotive teractive effort

轮周牵引力 tractive effort at wheel rim

车钩牵引力 tractive effort at coupler; drawbar pull

起动牵引力 stsrting tractive effort

粘着牵引力 adhesive tractive effort

持续牵引力 continuous tractive effort

基本阻力 basic resistance

运行阻力 running resistance

惰行阻力 idle runing resistance; coasting resistance

起动阻力 starting resistance

附加阻力 additional resistance

坡道阻力 gradient resistance

曲线阻力 curve resistance

空气阻力 air resistance

单位阻力 unit resistance; specific resistance

换算阻力;加算阻力 converted resistance

速度控制系统 speed control system

加速 acceleration

减速 deceleration

恒速 constant speed

加速力 acceleration force

减速力 deceleration force

列车制动 train braking

制动方式 brake mode

空气制动 air brake

真空制动 vacuum brake

动力制动 dynamic brake

液力制动 hydraulic brake

电阻制动 rheostatic brake

再生制动 regenerative brake

电空制动 electropneumatic brake

蓄能制动 energy-storing brake

涡流制动 eddy current brake

磁轨制动 electromagnetic rail brake

踏面制动 tread brake

盘型制动 disc brake

机车制动周期 locomotive braking period

机车制动距离 locomotive braking distance

机车每轴闸瓦作用力 brake shoe force per axle of locomotive

制动 braking

常用制动 service braking; service application

最大常用制动;常用全制动 full servive braking; full service application

阶段制动 graduated application

自然制动 unintended braking; undesired braking

紧急制动 emergency braking; emergency application

意外紧急制动 undesirable emergency braking;UDE

缓解 release

直接缓解;一次缓解 direct release

阶段缓解 graduated release

自然缓解 unintended release; undesired release

漏泄 leakage

充风;充气 charging

阶段提升 graduated increasing

保持位 suppression; maintaining position; holding position

制动管减压量 brake pipe pressure reduction

过量减压 over reduction

局部减压 local reduction

分段减压 split reduction

最大常用减压 full servive reduction

常用局减 quick service

紧急局减 quick action

前后风压差 false gradient

列车管压差 train pipe pressure gradient

保压停车 stopping at maintaining position

缓解停车 stopping at release

缓解波速 release propagation rate

制动波速 braking propagation rate

机车制动机 locomotive brake gear

空气压缩机 air compressor

调压器 pressure regulator

给风阀 feed valve

减压阀 reducing valve

机车分配阀 locomotive distributing valve

切换阀 transfer valve

自动制动阀 automatic brake valve

单独制动阀 independent brake valve

滤尘止回阀 strainer check valve

机车紧急放风阀 locomotive emergency vent valve

高压保安阀 high pressure safety valve

低压保安阀 low pressure safety valve

无载起动电空阀 no-load starting electropneumatic valve

油水分离器 oil-water separator

总风缸 main air reservoir

空气干燥器 air dryer

撒砂装置 sanding device

砂箱 sand box

撒砂阀 sanding valve

撒砂器 sandingsprayer

紧急撒砂 emergency sanding

自动撒砂 automatic sanding

间隙效应 slack action

L/V比值 L/V ratio

弓网关系 pantograph-contact line relation

机车牵引区段 locomotive tractive district

机车交路 locomotive routing

单肩回交路 single-arm routing

双肩回交路 double-arm routing

半循环交路 semi-loop routing

循环交路 loop routing

环形交路 circular routing

短交路 short routing

长交路 long routing

直通交路 through routing

机车乘务制度 locomotive crew working system

机车包乘制 system of assigning crew to designated locomotive

机车轮乘制 locomotive crew pooling system

机车随乘制 locomotive caboose crew system

机车乘务组 locomotive crew

司机 driver

副司机 assisant driver

指导司机 driver instructor

司炉 fireman

继续阅读
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  • 本文由 发表于 2020年6月8日14:42:05
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网站开启评论时间间隔限制 施工杂谈

网站开启评论时间间隔限制

最近hilo在努力的写文章,所以网站的流量变得的多了起来,同时评论数量也在变得逐渐多了起来,尤其是一些珍贵规范及图纸等下载资源,需要评论以后才能够下载。鉴于许多用户都是来搬运资源的,所以hilo除了设...

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